Article Compendium

The Presley Center's Article Compendium

The article compendium is updated monthly and aggregates research articles and reports authored by a variety of scholars, think tanks, and agencies for easy reference by those interested in emerging criminal justice issues. These resources are not authored or endorsed by Presley’s affiliated researchers or the center and is not intended to cover all criminal justice subject matters.

Uniform Bail and Penalty Schedules

An offense uniformity schedule established by the Judicial Council of California set to program uniform bail and penalty schedules in an effort to achieve a standard of uniformity for the following offenses: traffic, boating, fish and game, forestry, public utilities, parks and recreation, and business licensing cases. The Schedule states the standard amount for bail...
By Superior Court of California County of Riverside |

Crime in the United States

A complete report and data of every criminal record made in the United States in the 2017. Highlights the per capita number of crimes involving: Violent Crime, Property Crime, Clearances (offenses “closed” by arrest or exceptional means.) Homicide, Weapons. Highlights the 0.2 percent decrease of violent crimes from 2016-2017. Through multiple data tables, further explains...
By Uniform Crime Rate, Federal Bureau of Investigation |

UNIFORM BAIL SCHEDULE (Felony and Misdemeanor)

A Uniform Bail Schedule set forth by the San Bernardino County Superior Court to implement a countywide bail schedule, effective June 29, 2020. The schedule provides countywide bail fine amounts, with a focus on presumptive bail that is not specified in this schedule being set in accordance with state prison top term potential (in the...
By Superior Court of California County of San Bernardino |

Pretrial Detention

The Prison Policy Initiative compiled a list of virtually all the research about pretrial detention available online. This list alluded to the nearly half a million people in the U.S. are currently being detained pretrial and awaiting trial and still legally innocent. The number of people in jail pretrial has nearly quadrupled since the 1980s...
By Prison Policy Initiative |

Advocates for Human Potential, Inc.Advocates for Human Potential, Inc.Advocates for Human Potential, Inc.

This paper showcases the importance of collecting and analyzing data that can immediately benefit jails. Jails can harness available data to extract significant benefit from jail analysis. This paper also discusses how descriptive statistics and basic analysis of the daily activities of jails can support safety and help measure and improve performance. The paper is...
By Reena Chakraborty |

Violent Victimization by Race or Ethnicity (2005-2019)

This paper was mostly data tables and very little information to use. The research focuses on crimes between 2005-2019 and showcases facts such as how: the overall rate of violent victimization fell 26%; The rate of violent victimization against black persons fell 43%; The rate of violent victimization against white persons fell 24%. Bureau of...
By Bureau of Justice Statistics |

Capital Punishment Statistical Tables

This report presents statistics on persons who were under sentence of death or were executed in 2018, and on state and federal death-penalty laws. In 2018 there were 2,628 prisoners under the death penalty across 30 states - a decline in this number for the 18th consecutive year. The author also explains how after a...
By Tracy L. Snell |

Criminal Victimization (2019)

The Crime Rate in the US had a 12% decrease in 2019. Based on the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), the nation's largest crime survey, the portion of U.S. residents age 12 or older who were victims of one or more violent crimes decreased about 12% from 2018 to 2019. The NCVS is a self-reported...
By Rachel E. Morgan, Ph.D., and Jennifer L. Truman |

U.S. Corrections Population Hit 19-Year Low in 2018

The US correctional population is on a downwards trend . In the decade between 2008 and 2018, it went down 12.3 percent. The decrease in the probation population was responsible for 81 percent of the total decline in the correctional population. The Covid-19 pandemic has also resulted in more than 100,000 people being released from...
By Ted Gest |

Correctional Populations in the United States (2017-2018)

The year 2018 marked a 19-year low in the number of persons under the supervision of adult correctional systems in the United States. The statistics presented in this report include data from various Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) data collections. Each collection relies on the voluntary participation of federal, state, and local respondents. This report...
By Laura M. Maruschak and Todd D. Minton |

Victims, Witnesses, and Defendants with Mental Illness or Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

The Prosecutor's guide to Mental Illness is separated into three detailed parts to identify problems and solutions within the topic of justice and mental illness. An overview of intellectual and developmental disabilities and mental illness, prosecutors, approaches for working with people with I/DD or mental illness, and lastly, prosecutors-involved initiatives. The authors advise prosecutors to...
By Kristine Hamann, Ariel Simms, Shannon Scully |

Just the Facts: Felony Arrests in California April 2020

The Public Policy Institute of California (PPIC) published "Just the Facts" factsheet. In the April 2020 issue, the Institute addressed Felony Arrests in California. Some key facts were felony arrests dropped after Prop 47 on the November 2014 ballot. Prop 47 reclassified many lower-level drug and property offenses from felonies to misdemeanors. The factsheet also...
By Magnus Lofstrom, Alexandria Gumbs, Joseph Hayes, Brandon Martin |

Prisoners in 2018

The report states that from 2017 to 2018 prison population declined from 1,489,200 to 1,465,200. Although some states have shown a decrease in population like New York (down 2,800), Tennessee (down 2,700), California (down 2,400), the states of Texas (up 1,100), Indiana (up 850), and Colorado (up 430) has increased their population. Population sentencing to...
By E. Ann Carson Ph.D |

Bringing Crime Trends Back into Criminology: A Critical Assessment of the Literature and a Blueprint for Future Inquiry

Bringing Crime Trends Back into Criminology: A Critical Assessment of the Literature and a Blueprint for Future Inquiry
By Eric P. Baumer, María B. Vélez, Richard Rosenfeld |

First Step Act: Best Practices for Academic and Vocational Education for Offenders

First Step Act: Best Practices for Academic and Vocational Education for Offenders
By David B. Muhlhausen, Hugh J. Hurwitz |

Risk factors for recidivism in individuals receiving community sentences: a systematic review and meta-analysis (2019)

University of Oxford and King's College London - This meta-analysis study examines how static (non-modifiable) and dynamic (modifiable) risk factors correlates with recidivism in individuals receiving community sentences. Looking through databases and studies conducted in Europe and the United States, the authors find that overreliance on static risk factors may leave to inaccuracies in accessing...
By Denis Yukhnenko, Nigel Blackwood, and Seena Fazel |

Riverside County Community Corrections Partnership Executive Committee Meeting Materials

Riverside County Community Corrections Partnership Executive Committee Meeting Materials
By Riverside County Probation Department |

Evaluation of the Innovations in Community-Based Crime Reduction (CBCR) Program: Executive Summary and Final Report

A multimethod's study was conducted to study the successful implementation of the Innovations in Community Based Crime Reduction program (CBCR) and formally known as the Byrne Criminal Justice Innovation. The Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) granted CBCR 70 grant awards between federal fiscal years 2012 and 2016. Researchers utilized this sample to conduct an in-depth...
By Natalie Kroovand Hipple, Ph.D., Jessica Saunders, Ph.D. |

California Counties to Reshape it's Criminal Justice System

The Public Policy Institution of California evaluated California's Criminal justice system since implementing the 2011 Public Safety Realignment. The policy has decreased statewide violent and property crime rates. However, California's rearrest and reconviction rates— and its corrections budget—remain the highest in the nation. California's recent reforms have reduced the prison population, but not the cost...
By Heather M. Harris, Magnus Lofstrom, Joseph Hayes, Brandon Martin, Alexandria Gumbs |

California's Future: Criminal Justice (2020)

California's Future: Criminal Justice (2020)
By Magnus Lofstrom, Heather Harris, Brandon Martin |